what is an epidural steroid injection

what is an epidural steroid injection

An epidural steroid injection is a medical procedure that involves the injection of a corticosteroid medication into the epidural space of the spinal column. The epidural space is the area surrounding the spinal cord and nerve roots.

Epidural steroid injections are often used as a treatment option for patients with back pain or leg pain caused by conditions such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or sciatica. The medication injected into the epidural space is a combination of a local anesthetic and a steroid medication.

The local anesthetic helps to provide immediate pain relief, while the steroid medication helps to reduce inflammation and swelling in the affected area. The effects of the injection can last for a few weeks to several months.

Epidural steroid injections are usually performed on an outpatient basis and take only a few minutes to complete. The injection is typically given under x-ray guidance to ensure proper placement of the medication.

Although epidural steroid injections can provide effective pain relief, they are not a permanent solution for chronic pain. Patients may require multiple injections over time, or other forms of treatment such as physical therapy or surgery, depending on the underlying cause of their pain.